June 14, 2018
European emission standards for engines used in new non-road mobile machinery (NRMM) have been changing since 2002.
The equipment covered by the emissions standard includes industrial drilling rigs, compressors, construction wheel loaders, bulldozers, non-road trucks, highway excavators, forklift trucks, road maintenance equipment, snowploughs, ground support equipment in airports, aerial lifts and mobile cranes. Agricultural and forestry tractors had the same emission standards but different implementation dates. Water way vessels are also now in the standard.
Regulatory information on emission standards for non-road engines can be found on the European Commission web site. Useful information regarding emission standards can also be found on TFLs website.
For detailed and confident assessment to ascertain if your drilling rigs or other plant and machinery actually comply to a certain emission standard then you must consult online information supplied by various government departments and your engine supplier. On discovering what emissions standard your equipment meets it will be up to you to then compare that information with the local authority’s requirements where you are working and as is becoming increasingly the case, what your Client or Principle Contractors requirements for the project are.
|Emissions history and International Standards relationship for non-road emissions1|
|Year (approx.)||EU2||US||Euro Engine3 (approx)|
|2001 – 2003||Stage I||Tier 1||Euro 1 – Euro 2|
|2004 – 2005||Stage II||Tier 2||Euro 2 – Euro 3|
|2006 – 2013||Stage III A||Tier 3||Euro 4|
|2013 – 2014 (June)||Stage III B||Interim Tier 4||Euro 4 – Euro 5|
|2014 (July) – 2018||Stage IV A||Final Tier 4||Euro 5 – Euro 6|
|2018 – 2019||Stage IV B||Final Tier 4||Euro 6 – Euro?|
|2019 – ????||Stage V||Tier 5 (Yet to be confirmed)||Euro?|
BDA members must realise this drive to reduce emissions is constant and inevitable. The goal posts are always changing. It is up to individual companies to manage this change. One thing is for certain try to maintain your fleet with the most efficient engines with the lowest emissions.